The no to GMOs remains, but Coldiretti opens up to Tea, the new genetic improvement technologies that allow the results of the mechanisms underlying natural biological evolution to be reproduced in a precise and targeted manner and which do not involve the insertion of DNA alien to the plant. This morning the president of the agricultural organization, Ettore Prandini, and that of the Italian agricultural genetics society (Siga), Mario Enrico Pè, signed a collaboration agreement to develop Assisted Evolution Technologies. The aim is “to protect the biodiversity of Italian agriculture and, at the same time, improve the efficiency of our production model through, for example, more resistant varieties, with less need for agrochemicals and positive implications in terms of environmental, economic and economic sustainability. social”.
Italy today boasts the European primacy in agricultural biodiversity both in the field of viticulture – 504 varieties entered in the register of vines against 278 in France – and as regards olive growing – 533 varieties of olives against the 70 in Spain – without forgetting the products Dop and Docg and the primacy in the organic sector. According to Coldiretti and Siga, this heritage is put at risk by the effects of climate change and by the invasion of insects and alien organisms, one above all: the Asian bedbug. This is why «an important change of step is needed towards greater integration between tradition and scientific and technological innovation to preserve the competitiveness of Italian agricultural enterprises».
Hence the decision to focus on Teas but “it is necessary to arrive at a regulation of agricultural products obtained from these methodologies which today – explains Prandini – do not find an adequate place at Community regulatory level”. And he adds: “This is a great challenge to bring back the protagonists of the research without the results ending up in the hands of a few multinational companies that own the patents”. According to Pè “in this scenario the role of public research is irreplaceable and the Italian agricultural geneticists are well equipped to contribute effectively and creatively to the creation of sustainable and innovative agriculture”. For this reason “a targeted plan for investment in research is needed as only national public research is able to develop tailor-made solutions for our agriculture and make them available to all producers”.