Businesses invest but digitization is far away – La Stampa

We invest but digitization is not yet there. In short, Italy is still progressing slowly on the technological front. In fact, just over three out of a hundred companies in Italy have reached digital maturity and use the various technologies in an integrated manner, but a large majority invest in digitalization, over 77%. Istat analyzes the data on companies with at least ten employees in the 2016-2018 period in the report “Digitization and technology in Italian companies” and tells of an economic system where most companies still use “a limited number of technologies, giving priority to infrastructural investments »such as cloud, optical fiber and management with respect to application technologies. Only one in six companies have experimented with at least one key technology across the Internet of Things, augmented or virtual reality, Big Data analytics, advanced automation, simulation and 3D printing, and about one in ten is active on digital platforms. For the future, Istat records how, “even before the Covid-19 crisis, Italian companies did not show that they were ready for a change of pace in digital transformation processes”. There is greater dynamism in larger companies, over 250 employees, where one out of two companies expects to accelerate investments in Iot, robotics and Big Data. The larger companies are also those with a higher share of digitally “mature” companies (22%, together with companies in the North West, 4.7%, and those in industry, 5.2%). And they are the ones that look with least concern at the prospects of digitization on employment, while the most “pessimistic” are companies under 20 employees. In general, employment expectations for the three-year period 2019-2021 contradict the hypothesis, also accredited by the OECD, that the most routine jobs are the most replaceable and therefore the most at risk compared to the creative ones. The best prospects would in fact be for technical-operational tasks, non-specialized manual ones and those of interaction and communication. On the contrary, the greatest difficulties would characterize potentially more creative tasks such as specialized professional ones and specialized manual ones.

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